After years of civil war, the tourism industry in Mozambique is just starting to take off but many areas remain off the beaten track. Intrepid travellers and eco-tourists will find this to be a truly exciting destination. The following is an outline of known hotspots for birding in Mozambique, per province from north to south, with ideas on what you can spot:
Njesi Plateau – a remote Mozambican birding destination, forested plateau north of Lichinga and home to the endangered Long-billed Tailorbird, also the African Tailorbird usually found in Tanzania only.
Spot: African and Long-billed Tailorbirds, Stierling's Woodpecker, Orange Ground-Thrush, Evergreen-Forest Warbler, Olive-headed and Bertram's Weavers, White-tailed Blue Flycatcher
Mount Namuli – extremely scenic area with montane forest / grasslands, tree ferns and orchids, home to a rare species only found here in the world, the Namuli Apalis.
Spot: Dappled Mountain-Robin, Cholo Alethe, Namuli Apalis, Bar-tailed Trogon, Green Barbet, Red-rumped Swallow, Olive-flanked Robin-Chat, Evergreen-Forest Warbler, Eastern Double-collared Sunbird and Bertram's Weaver
Mount Tsetserra – beautiful and pristine forested peak along the Zimbabwe border (Chimanimani Mountains) with miombo woodland and montane forest / grasslands, overlooking the Chicambe Dam.
Spot: Chirinda Apalis, Roberts's Warbler, Rufous-bellied Tit, Orange Ground-Thrush, White-starred Robin, Red-faced Crimsonwing, Olive Bush-Shrike, Spotted Creeper, Lemon Dove
Save Woodlands – magnificent coastal woodland and wetlands including sandy rivers, lakes and marshland, estuaries, lagoons, mangroves and beaches.
Spot: Grey-headed Parrot, Brown-headed Parrot, Thick-billed Cuckoo, Racket-tailed Roller, Mangrove Kingfisher, Broad-billed Roller and Mosque Swallow, Madagascar Pond Heron, Rufous-bellied Heron, African Pygmy Goose, Lesser Jacana, Yellowbill, Narina Trogon, Western Nicator, Eastern Bearded Scrub-Robin, Green-capped Eremomela, Red-faced Crombec, Pale Batis, Livingstone's Flycatcher, Gorgeous Bush-Shrike, Plain-backed, Neergaard's Purple-banded Sunbird, Chestnut-fronted / Red-billed Helmet-Shrikes, Thick-billed Cuckoo, African Cuckoo Hawk, Dickinson's Kestrel
Mount Gorongosa and the National Park – on the mountain, montane forest / grasses and lowland woodlands.
Spot: Pallid Honeyguide, Green-headed Oriole, Swynnerton's Robin, Chirinda Apalis, African Moustached Warbler, Magpie Mannikin, Lesser Seedcracker
National Park, Palm woodlands, miombo woodlands, marshland and lakes.
Spot: African Skimmer, Long-toed Lapwing, Greater Painted-Snipe, Collared Pratincole, Grey Crowned Crane, Great White Pelican, Pink-backed Pelican, Moustached Grass-Warbler, Black-and-white Flycatcher, Collared Palm-Thrush, Palm-nut Vulture, Mascarene Martin, Lemon-breasted Canary
Rio Savane – marshland, grassland, coastal forest, mangrove forest, beach and open sea north of Beira.
Spot: African Blue Quail, Lesser Black-winged Lapwing, Locust Finch, Mangrove Kingfisher, Short-tailed Pipit
Zambezi Delta – untouched coastal forest as well as miombo woodland, pans and swamps.
Spot: White-chested Alethe, East Coast Akalat, African Pitta, Black-and-white Flycatcher, Barred Long-tailed Cuckoo, Madagascar Cuckoo, Mascarene Martin, Southern Banded Snake-Eagle, Palm-nut Vulture, Chestnut-fronted Helmet-Shrike, Anchieta's Tchagra, Wattled Crane, African Skimmer, Plain-backed Sunbird
Panda Woodlands – threatened Miombo woodland / thicket and the only home of the Olive-headed Weaver south of the Zambezi River.
Spot: Mascarene Martin, Southern Hyliota, Red-faced Crombec, Neergaard's Sunbird, Olive-headed Weaver, Black-eared Seedeater
Bazaruto Archipelago, Vilanculos, Inhassoro – great coastal and inland habitats with migratory shorebirds on the intertidal flats.
Spot: Crab-plover, Lemon-breasted Canary, Madagascar Bee-eater, Mascarene Martin
Maputo Special Reserve (Maputo Elephant Reserve) – scenic habitat types include tall sand forest, riverine woodlands, open grassland, marshlands, freshwater lakes, lagoons and sea shore.
Spot: Neergaard's Sunbird, Spotted Ground-Thrush, Pink-throated Twinspot, African Broadbill, Eastern Nicator, Livingstone's Turaco, Southern Banded Snake-Eagle, Rosy-throated Longclaw, Black-rumped Buttonquail, Denham's Bustard and Chestnut-banded Plover
Inhaca Island – good birding in its mangroves, freshwater swamps, mudflats and dune forest.
Spot: Osprey, Sooty Falcon, Greater Sand Plover, Yellowbill, Mangrove Kingfisher, Eastern Olive Sunbird
Read more about Important Birding Areas in Mozambique